Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Parliament in India is composed of the combination of the President of India, Lok Sabha, Rajya sabha. Parliament is the main and higher authority of India. The President of India is the head of this chief authority of India. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are known as the two houses of the Indian parliament. Lok Sabha is also known as the lower house of the parliament and Rajya sabha is also known as the upper house of the parliament. In this article, we will discuss in detail the difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha, powers of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, members of Lok and Rajya sabha.

The names “Lok Sabha’’ and ‘’Rajya Sabha’’ were taken in 195 by the parliament. Lok Sabha is also well known as the house of people and Rajya sabha also well known with the name council of states. Article 79-122 of the Indian constitution deals with the Lok sabha and Rajya sabha. The main difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha is their powers and functions. Take a look at the below article to understand properly.

Table of Contents

 Lok Sabha VS Rajya sabha

Sr. no Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha
1 It is also known as the Lower house of parliament. It is also known as the Upper house of parliament
2 Also called ‘’house of people’’. Also called ‘’council of states’’.
3 the lower house can be dissolved. It remains to continue for 5 years. the lower house can’t be dissolved; it is a permanent body.
4 Members are elected by the people with direct elections. Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the representative of the union territories and states.
5 Member of Lok sabha is 552. Members of Rajya sabha are 250.
6 Speaker is the head of the Lok sabha. Rajya sabha is headed by the vice president which is also known as the chairman of Rajya sabha.
7 The minimum age for the member of Lok Sabha is 25 years old. The minimum age for the member of the Rajya Sabha is 30 years old.

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha is also known as the Lower house and house of people. The lower house is a house of people in which representatives are directly elected by the people of the nation with the election. The election is based on adult suffrage means a person who is more than 18 years is eligible to vote.

The maximum strength of the members of the Lok Sabha is 552. From 552 up to 330 members are elected by the elections and these 530 members represent the states of India. From the remaking members, up to 20 members represent the union territories. Only 2 members were nominated by the hon’ble president these two members represent the Anglo-Indian community. Total elective seats of Lok sabha are distributed in all the states of the nation according to the population of the states. Lok Sabha is headed by the speaker, Minimum age for the Lok Sabha member is 25 years.

Lok Sabha members

Maximum Strength of members – 552

Distribution of seats-

  1. 530 members represent the States. Which are elected by the people of the nation.
  2. 20 members are representatives of Union Territories.
  3. 2 members are from Anglo-Indian Community which are nominated by the President.

 Functions of Lok sabha

All the bills which originate in Lok Sabha mostly and go through Rajya Sabha, all the bills are returned to the lower house for approval.  So, Lok sabha plays a major role in legislation works.

Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha is also known as the upper house of parliament and councils of the states. Article 80 of our Indian constitution deals with the maximum strength of the Rajya sabha. The article stated that the maximum number of members in the Rajya Sabha is 250. Out of 250, 238 are the representatives of the two union territories and 12 members are nominated by the president of India.

Rajya sabha can’t be dissolved and remains a permanent body. Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the representative of the union territories and states. Rajya sabha is headed by the vice president which is also known as the chairman of Rajya sabha. The minimum age for the member of the Rajya Sabha is 30 years old.

Rajya Sabha Members

The total strength of the – 250

Distribution of seats

  1. 238 members are the representatives of the two union territories.
  2. 12 members are nominated by the president of India.

Functions of Rajya sabha

Rajya Sabha bears special powers which protect the states’ rights against the Union.

 

Power of Lok sabha and Rajya sabha

There is a difference between the powers of the Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha. The difference between the Lower house and the upper house is on the basis of their power and functions.

  1. According to article 110, all the money and financial bills are introduced in the house of people while Rajya sabha has the power to form a new All India Service or declare a subject on the State List to be of national interest.
  2. Speakers of the Lok sabha decide which bill is money or not this power is not given to the chairman of the Rajya sabha.
  3. In joint sitting always Lok sabha wins due to the greater numbers of members.
  4. Rajya sabha only discusses the union budget but has no power to vote on the demand for grants.
  5. Lok sabha little lacks in power from Rajya sabha in some points like bypassing a cut motion, by defeating the government on a vital issue.

Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Key Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha 

Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha
It is also known as the Lower house of parliament. It is also known as the Upper house of parliament
Also called ‘’house of people’’. Also called ‘’council of states’’.
It can be dissolved and remains to continue for 5 years. It can’t be dissolved and remains a permanent body.
 Lok Sabha members are elected through election by the people from the constituencies of the states Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the representative of the union territories and states
Member of Lok sabha is 552. Members of Rajya sabha are 250.
 Election principle- Universal adult franchise. Election principle- Proportional Representation
President nominates only 2 members. President nominates 12 members.
Speaker is the head of the Lok sabha. Rajya sabha is headed by the vice president which is also known as the chairman of Rajya sabha.
The minimum age for the member of Lok Sabha is 25 years old. The minimum age for the member of Rajya Sabha is 30 years old.
It has the power of money and financial bill. Rajya Sabha has the power to protect state rights.
the lower house can express no confidence in the Government. Rajya Sabha has no power to express confidence.
it has the power to vote on demand grants of annul budget. Rajya Sabha has no power to vote on demand grants of the annual budget but it can discuss.
Council of Minister is responsible to Lok sabha The Council of Ministers is not responsible to Rajya sabha

Conclusion

The lower house and Upper house are very necessary parts of the Indian parliament. Both have their works and functions to perform for the smooth functioning of all the states and union territories of India.

This is all about the difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha, we hope you understand the article. if you have any quarry and doubt about the article then please feel free to comment your feedback.

If you want to read about the difference between Sip and mutual fund then go through our article Difference between Sip and Mutual Fund

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha is also known as the Lower house and house of people. The lower house is a house of people in which representatives are directly elected by the people of the nation with the election. The election is based on adult suffrage means a person who is more than 18 years is eligible to vote.

Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha is also known as the upper house of parliament and councils of the states. Article 80 of our Indian constitution deals with the maximum strength of the Rajya sabha. The article stated that the maximum number of members in the Rajya Sabha is 250. Out of 250, 238 are the representatives of the two union territories and 12 members are nominated by the president of India.

Functions of Lok sabha

All the bills which originate in Lok Sabha mostly and go through Rajya Sabha, all the bills are returned to the lower house for approval.  So, Lok sabha plays a major role in legislation works.

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